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Accident & Injury Law Glossary Of Terms

At Litman and Litman PC we take care of our clients as if they were part of our family. Even though we handle all the critical elements of your case, it can be helpful to know some of the legal terms that will be used in the paperwork and at trial. Abstract of Title: The chronologically ordered summary of all official records and recorded documents affecting the title to a piece of the real property.

Abstract of Title: A chronological summary of all official records and recorded documents affecting the title to a portion of the real property.
Accident Report: A detailed, formal account of an event documented from the scene of the incident by an authority figure.
Act of God: Natural causes, neither human interaction or intervention, resulting in an accident or event - including damage from storms, floods, earthquakes, and lightning.
Actual Cash Value: Also known as market value, it is the cost your vehicle could be sold just before it was destroyed or damaged in the car accident. Insurance companies typically pay the owner actual cash value if the vehicle is deemed a total loss.
Additional Insured: This is an individual other than the protected individual as named in the automobile insurance policy.
Adjudicate: To resolve a legal case.
Affidavit: A written declaration under oath.

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What to do if you've been injured by a defective product

The strength of your legal case is a direct result of the actions you take after a defective product has caused injury.

Seek medical attention. A record of your injury is of the utmost importance. Visit a doctor or hospital immediately upon sustaining a harmful product injury. Report the accident. Do not give a verbal or written statement before speaking with a product liability lawyer. If at work, report the accident to your supervisor and contact your insurance company.

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Actions To Take If You Are In Car Accident

Car accidents are always unexpected and hugely stressful. Stay calm and try to control your emotions. Get support from people you feel you can trust and follow some of our suggestions below:

  1. Be Safe
  • If the car accident is minor, then move the car out of “harm’s way” such as to the shoulder of the road.
  • If you are unable to move the car, 1) confirm that the vehicle is in the "Park" position, 2) turn off the engine, and 3) engage the hazard lights.
  • Check to see if it is safe for you to get out of the car. If it is safe and you are uninjured, exit the vehicle.
  • Use warning triangles and safety cones to alert others of the accident if they are available.
  1. Seek Help
  • Check for injuries to yourself and others; always err on the side of caution by calling an ambulance if anyone's injuries appear questionable.
  • No matter how minor the accident may seem, contact the police. A police report is important in determining fault during the claims process.
  • If you have injured a pedestrian or another driver, never leave the scene of the accident. Leaving the scene of the accident could be construed as a "hit-and-run" and might further subject you to criminal charges and penalties.

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3 Million Dollar Judgement Awarded but would rather have their Dad back.

August 14, 2013 by JOHN VALENTI AND ELLEN YAN / This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


An Islip Terrace man was killed after losing control of his cement truck on Sunrise Highway in Holbrook Wednesday, Suffolk police said.

John Gagliano, 57, was thrown from his 1990 Mack Truck after it struck a median and overturned at 7:39 a.m., just west of Nicolls Road, police said. He was pronounced dead at the scene, police said. Eastbound lanes were closed until 1 p.m.

Investigators are looking into reports by witnesses who saw the front left tire blow out, police said.

The truck is owned by Giaquinto Masonry Inc. in Deer Park, police said, and was impounded for a safety check by the department's Motor Carrier Safety Section. Calls to the company were not immediately returned or answered. Gagliano's brother-in-law Gary Innes said Gagliano was a safe driver in a job he took after more than 20 years as a New York City firefighter.

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